What is a Tech Stack? Choosing the Right Tech Stack
Currently, we live in the digitalization era where everything around us is technology operated. From desktop computers to smartphones, the world’s technology is built around an array of discrete platforms. Per today’s user requirements, your product should be fast and provide an interactive user experience. Moreover, your app must be future-ready, i.e., scaling the app should be possible.
Before starting any app, web, or software development project, it is essential to choose the right technology. There are a lot of different technology stacks available for your product development. For instance, if you are building a real estate app, the technology stack used in top real estate apps will be different than that used in a healthcare app. So, knowing and understanding tech stacks, their uses, availability, and what and when to use them can be daunting, especially for someone entering the digital world. The technology stack is the set of technologies that are used by an iphone application development companies application in its development. The tech stack is a collection of technologies and languages that go into building an application from core components and services.
If you are ready to build a software product, choosing the accurate technology stack will ensure a cost-effective and successful project development. But what is a tech stack? How to choose the right tech stack for your project? If you are looking for the same answers, you’ve landed in the correct place. This article will explore the modern and popular tech stacks and guide you in choosing the right tech stack for your project.
What is a Tech Stack?
A tech stack combines programming languages, frameworks, and databases to create a web, mobile, or software application. Popularly known as solution stack or technology infrastructure, it is responsible for building easy-to-maintain, scalable applications. The term ‘Tech Stack’ is majorly used because when developing a software application, multiple layers of programming codes, components, and hardware models are augmented, forming a stack of various technologies.
The structure of a tech stack consists of two equally essential elements- client-side and server-side, also referred to as front-end and back-end. Another vital thing is Middleware which functions as a hidden translation layer connecting the front-end and back-end. It comprises app servers, web servers, content management systems, and other tools.
Now, let’s take a glimpse of the modern tech stack.
Modern tech stack
Before the days of ubiquitous SaaS products and services, tech stacks were simple. Today, there are ample tools that product teams can leverage to develop and maintain the perfect product. The modern tech stack has more components because of multiple user requirements. Nowadays, your app must be accessible on different devices and should have the ability to process vast volumes of data and events.
A modern tech stack may include tools for containerization, performance monitoring, BI, data lakes, microservices, analytics, and more. However, choosing your tech stack based on your project needs would be best.
How to Choose the Right Tech Stack?
Technology is continually evolving, and businesses want to adopt the latest advancements but can’t keep up with the latest news and changes. If you’re a business owner or a technology leader, you need a better idea of what technologies are trending. Here’s how to choose the perfect tech stack for your product development.
Defining your project needs
Defining the purpose of your application will help you choose the appropriate tech stack. Ask yourself, what do you want your application to do? What does it require to fulfill your version? What it needs to interact with existing systems. If you have many functionalities, you need more sophisticated tools and frameworks.
Research your market
The next step is to research your market. Ask yourself- who are the stakeholders of your application? Investigate potential customers and top-tier competitors, and see unmet needs as opportunities to analyze user needs. Then consider the tech stack based on your project’s size, complexity, processing strength, features, and other relevant data.
Determine your product’s viability
Your goal is to build your product as early as possible. Focus on the features- what is nice-to-have and need-to-have in your product. Select technologies that provide utilities and solutions for frequent use cases. Build an MVP first to determine your product’s viability. It is better to save development costs involved in full-scale development and get user feedback promptly.
Next is cost comparison. Choose the one that makes the most sense in terms of cost for your product. The cost comparison is necessary as some technology stacks will be more expensive to host than other resources. Also, when it comes to costs, try to save your money but ensure your product’s quality is excellent.
As your product grows, make sure your product is ready to accommodate more users without tampering with quality. Compare different technology stacks and consider the ones that offer solutions for scaling.
Make sure to choose the tech stack that offers the best security to user data. Follow best practices to ensure maximum safety of transactions and valuable data and minimize vulnerabilities.
As aforementioned, there are great tech stacks to choose from depending on your product development needs. Here are a few popular tech stacks that you can consider while building a web, mobile, or software application.
Popular Tech Stacks for Product Development
- LAMP: Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP/Perl/Python
- WAMP: Windows, Apache, MySQL, and PHP/Perl/Python
- MAMP: macOS, Apache, MySQL, and PHP/Perl/Python
- MEAN: MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS, and Node.js
- MERN: MongoDB, Express.js, ReactJS, and Node.js
- MEVN: MongoDB, Express.js, Vue.JS, and Node.js
- Django: Django and Python
Hope you liked the information shared about the tech stack and how to choose the right one for your product. Whenever you’re looking for the perfect tech stack for your product, validate your core requirements and project complexity. A reputable app development partner will help you determine the necessary tech stack to develop your project. However, you can ensure that it is cost-effective and can scale up whenever required.